Journal Articles (Peer-Reviewed)
Ottemöller, Ole and Hanno Friedrich (In Press): Modelling change in supply-chain-structures and its effect on freight transport demand (available online), Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review.
Abstract: The paper introduces a model to determine possible impacts of changes in supply chain structures on freight transport demand. Examples are centralisation or vertical (des)integration within supply chains. The model first generates a population of establishments and commodity flows in space which is then manipulated according to different scenarios. It uses methods from transport planning and optimisation as well as scenario technique. To demonstrate its applicability a centralisation in food supply chain structures in Germany is analysed. The results show that a more educated discussion is needed for such changes since the range of possible impacts is large.
Balster, Andreas and Hanno Friedrich (In press): Dynamic freight flow modelling for risk evaluation in food supply, Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review.
Ottemöller, Ole and Hanno Friedrich (2016): Opportunities of sectoral freight transport demand modelling, Case Studies on Transport Policy, 4 (1): 9-12.
Abstract: Abstract This paper discusses the opportunities of sectoral freight transport demand models. The work is based on literature and insights from interdisciplinary research in the field of production, logistics and transport. First, current and future factors influencing freight transport are discussed. Next, a brief summary of the traditional transport modelling approach and recent extensions and adaptations of freight transport models is given. As interdisciplinary research has shown, the impact of the identified factors on the development of freight transport is strongly dependent on the sector under investigation. As a consequence, this paper proposes the application of a sectoral modelling approach. The automotive and food sectors in Germany are used as examples to further examine the opportunities of sectoral freight transport demand models.
Friedrich, Hanno and Jonathan Gumpp (2014): Simplified Modeling and Solving of Logistics Optimization Problems, International Journal of Transportation, 2 (1): 33-52.
Abstract: Logistics optimization problems are often complex (NP - hard). Especially for large problem scopes in logistics and new agent-based freight transport models which have to solve these problems for many agents, simplifying modelling and solving procedures are necessary in order to reduce the level of complexity. Due to the variety of existing approaches and the specifics of each problem it is often difficult to find an appropriate method. This paper seeks to facilitate this process as it identifies ‘meta’ heuristics within literature, i.e. abstract courses of action that, when adapted, have proven successful in various problems. It presents a classification of general simplification principles that are useful for reducing the complexity of logistics problems, in order to facilitate understanding between academics and practice. The derivation of the related principles is based on the examination of five problems in logistics literature: facility location, distribution system, lot size, bin packing, and vehicle routing.
Liedtke, Gernot and Hanno Friedrich (2012): Generation of logistics networks in freight transportation models, Transportation, 39 (6): 1335-1351.
Abstract: This article analyzes the concept of logistics networks in the context of behavioral freight transport modeling. Starting from the basic definition of networks, the different perceptions of networks in transportation science and logistics are worked out. The micro‐macro gap, as a main challenge in freight transport modeling, is explained by the existence of logistics networks on a meso level. A taxonomy of modeling methods dealing with logistics networks is defined, based on two characteristics: the changeability of networks within models (fixed, partially variable and variable networks) and the form of cost functions mapped (economies of scale, constant average cost, and diseconomies of scale). For each category, different possible modeling methods and their application in existing freight transport models are discussed. A special focus is placed on methodologies and models that map variable networks.
Journal Articles (Professional)
Friedrich, Hanno (2016): Versorgung in Krisenzeiten sichern, Lebensmittelzeitung, 14. Oktober.
Frey, Werner, Gernot Liedtke, Hanno Friedrich, Carina Thaller, Benjamin Dahmen, Axel Wolfermann, Theo Janßen and Wulf Hahn (2016): Empfehlungen zur Modellierung des Wirtschaftsverkehrs, Straßenverkehrstechnik, 10.
Abstract: Die Modellierung des Wirtschaftsverkehrs gewinnt aufgrund der aktuellen Anforderungen und Fragestellungen zunehmend an Bedeutung. Daher werden in der FGSV parallel zur Entwicklung entsprechender Regelwerke und Empfehlungen für den Personenverkehr auch der aktuelle Stand der Technik zur Modellierung des Wirtschaftsverkehrs beleuchtet sowie Empfehlungen und Hinweise zu seiner Modellierung entwickelt. Zunächst werden dazu die Fragestellungen analysiert. Im Anschluss daran werden die Unterschiede in der Modellierung des Wirtschaftsverkehrs zum Personenverkehr erläutert. Dabei werden der Modellaufbau, die verwendeten Modellierungsmethoden sowie eine Auswahl von Softwarewerkzeugen vorgestellt und analysiert. Nachdem die wesentlichen Datenquellen für Wirtschaftsverkehrsmodelle benannt wurden, werden abschließend einige Beispiele für Wirtschaftsverkehrsmodelle dargestellt. Due to increasing requirements the modelling of commercial traffic receives more and more attention. The German Road and Transportation Research Association (FGSV) compiled the state-of-practice of modelling transport and included, thus, specific recommendations for commercial transport. This article provides an overview of commercial transport modelling issues: First, the different purposes of modelling commercial transport are listed. In the next step the difference between private and commercial transport modelling is discussed. This section is subdivided into model architecture and modelling methods. An overview of software products is enclosed as well as a description of the relevant input data. The article closes with some examples for commercial transport models.
Friedrich, Hanno (2010): Simulation of logistics in food retailing for freight transportation analysis, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT): Karlsruhe, Germany.
Abstract: The study contributes to fill the gap between freight transportation analysis and logistic research. It describes the model SYNTRADE, a simulation model that reproduces logistic structures in the German food retailing sector. Logistic decisions and their interdependencies are simulated based on heuristics from the field of logistic optimization. The model provides the possibility to analyze changes in logistics and freight transport demand on a company, as well as on an overall sector level.
Friedrich, Hanno (2010): Simulation of Logistics in Food Retailing for Freight Transportation Analysis (Dissertation): Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT).
Truong, Thi My Thanh and Hanno Friedrich (2017): Legalizing the illegal parking, a solution for parking scarcity in developing countries: Selected Proceedings of the WCTRS Conference on Transportation Research 2016, 4950-4965.
Abstract: The objective of this study is to understand how and to what extend illegal parking should be legalized, giving the benefit for parking users, urban planning, and transport planning. From literature, the policies and theories based on the lessons from other countries have provided the basis that can be applied in investigating a new parking management paradigm. Empirical surveys are conducted to examine the parking conditions, parking user’s behavior and the consequence of illegal parking spaces in the core city center in Hanoi, Vietnam. Then, the requirements of para-parking (legalization of illegal parking spaces) are formulated including the change process that involves parking authorities, parking operators, and parking users. An in-depth analyze is undertaken to look at opportunities, risks and forms of para-parking and finally a proposal for a qualitative economic impact assessment of parking facility investment is given.
Rolko, Kevin and Hanno Friedrich (2017): Locations of Logistics Service Providers in Germany - The basis for a new freight transport generation model.: Selected Proceedings of the WCTRS Conference on Transportation Research 2016, 1061-1074.
Abstract: Integrating the decisions and the behavior of Logistics Service Providers (LSPs) into freight transport models is essential to be capable of accurately describing future developments in freight transport systems. Knowledge on the spatial distribution patterns of LSP locations, e.g. to represent network routing of shipments more accurately, is of paramount importance. Moreover, attributes characterizing the LSP locations are helpful to relate them to traffic generation. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to present intermediate results of an empirical study on LSP locations in Germany. Drawing on these findings, the freight generated by German less than truckload networks is estimated on an aggregate level. These findings shed some light on the spatial and structural patterns of the locations allocable to the German logistics sector and the freight transport it generates. These insights are highly relevant for freight transport and land use planning policies.
Boltze, Manfred, Frederik Rühl, Ulrich Berbner and Hanno Friedrich (2015): The interdisciplinary decision map - A reference model for production, logistics and traffic: TRB 94th Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers DVD.
Abstract: Due to strong interdependencies between production, logistics and traffic, a decision in one of these fields has impacts on the others. However, decision makers in and around today’s supply chains rarely consider effects of their decisions on other participants of the supply chain or the traffic system. Thus, a tool for decision support, which clearly illustrates the variety of impacts of a decision, is highly desirable. Accordingly, this paper presents a reference model in the context of production, logistics and traffic, called Interdisciplinary Decision Map (IDM). The IDM allows for describing and analyzing interdisciplinary impacts of decisions across the disciplines. Thus, it can serve as decision support tool for decision makers out of the considered domains. The IDM’s applicability is demonstrated by using it to analyze selected impacts of an heavy goods vehicles (HGV) toll’s introduction on production, logistics and traffic.
Rühl, Frederik, Moritz Mörner, Hanno Friedrich and Özhan Özsucu (2013): Assessing the impacts of HGV tolls and transport logistics: Proceedings of the WCTRS Conference on Transportation Research.
Abstract: In this article, basic characteristics of HGV toll systems are described. Based on that, these systems' impacts on entrepreneurial processes and resulting changes in business choices are discussed. Furthermore, a case study on hauliers' reactions on the German HGV toll is presented. The results show that the haulage industry only has to deal with marginal impacts since costs are usually passed along to the customer, this is why operational changes do not seem necessary.
Ottemöller, Ole and Hanno Friedrich (2013): A Concept for Modeling Freight Transport within Supply Networks of the Automotive Industry: Proceedings of the WCTRS Conference on Transportation Research.
Münzberg, Thomas, Ulrich Berbner, Hanno Friedrich, Tina Comes, Wendelin Gross, Frank Schultmann and Hans-Christian Pfohl: Decision Support for Critical Infrastructure Disruptions: An Integrated Approach to Secure Food Supply, 312-316.
Abstract: Supplies of food and water are essential in disaster management, particularly in the very early chaotic phases when demand and available resources are highly uncertain, information systems are disrupted, and communication between communities, food suppliers, retail and emergency authorities is difficult. As many actors and organisations are involved in ever more complex food supply chains, cooperation and collaboration are vital for efficient and effective disaster management. To support decision-makers facing these problems, this paper introduces a scenario-based approach that integrates simulation of disruptions in food supply chains, and qualitative expert assessment to develop consistent scenarios that show the consequences of different strategies. To choose the best individual measures for all relevant actors and to compare it with the best overall strategy approaches from multi-criteria decision analysis are used.
Rühl, Frederik, Tobias Freudenreich, Ulrich Berbner, Ole Ottemöller, Hanno Friedrich and Manfred Boltze (2013): Production, Logistics, and Traffic: A Systematic Approach to Understand Interactions: Selected Proceedings of the WCTRS Conference on Transportation Research.
Abstract: Desicion-makers in and around today's supply chains are facing tough every day. However, when making decisions, they rarely consider what effects their desicions cause upon other participants of the supply chain or traffic management. This is mostly due to the lack of appropriate tools which help indicating the possible effects. Such tools are necessary to tackle the inherent complexity of the whole supply chain system. This paper describes how to construct and design such a tool for this interdisciplinary environment, called an Interdisciplinary Decision Map (IDM). The IDM is a powerful tool to visualise complex relationships, while at the same time retaining usability by showing relevant information only. We show how tu use a specific instance of an IDM to facilitate a better understanding to the underlying processes of other supply chain participants. The soundness of our approach is backed by findings from an interdisciplinary research project.
Friedrich, Hanno, Steffen Despotov, Li Zhang and Patrick Kroner (2012): Measures of Supply Chain Risk Management: Proceedings of the 9th International Meeting on Logistics Research.
Friedrich, Hanno and Ole Ottemöller (2011): Transferring Methods from Social Dynamic Network Analysis to Freight Transportation: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference of Hong Kong Society for Transportation Studies.
Liedtke, Gernot, Hanno Friedrich, Patrik Jochem, Daniel Keultjes and Stefan Schröder: Estimation of the Benefits of Shippers from a Multi-Modal Transport Network: Selected Proceedings of the WCTRS Conference on Transportation Research 2010.
Abstract: This paper estimates the shippers‟ reactions and their economic benefits from a multimodal transport network called LOGOTAKT. For this purpose, an econometric shipper model is being estimated in which the major factor influencing logistics decisions – the balance between warehouse and storage cost – is explicitly taken into account. The functional form is being deduced from the first order condition of Total Logistics Cost function minimization. Transport cost is expressed in form of a complex function depending on order size and the transport distance in order capture the effect of economies of scale in transportation. It is estimated based on empirical data of distribution obtained from two major German companies. Simulations show that the new multimodal transportation system has a significant impact on shipment size distributions changing them in favor of smaller shipments. This leads especially to significant reductions in warehouse costs. Finally, some implications of the analytical results on transport policy are provided: To achieve further modal shift from road to rail, public financial support and the regulatory framework must put railways into the position to consolidate shipments and to exhaust economies of scale.
Motzke, Andreas, Andreas Balster, Ole Hansen, Maja Herrmannsdörfer, Frank Schätter, Hanno Friedrich, Wolfgang Raskob, Markus Wiens and Frank Schultmann (2014): The SEAK Project: Decision Support for Managing Disruptions in Food Supply Chains, in: Thoma, Klaus (ed.): Future Security - 9th Security Research Conference, Berlin, September 16 - 18, 2014, Fraunhofer-Verl: Stuttgart, 581-584.
Hansen, Ole and Hanno Friedrich (2014): Approach for Modelling Food Product Inventory Levels - An Analysis of National Food Product Supply Chains, in: Gammelgaard, Britta,, Günter Prockl, Aseem Kinra, Jesper Aastrup, Peter Holm Andreasen, Hans-Joachim Schramm, Juliana Hsuan, Malek Malouf and Andreas Wieland (ed.): 26th Conference of the Nordic Logistics Research Network : NOFOMA 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark: June 11-13, 2014.
Balster, Andreas and Hanno Friedrich (2014): Modelling Dynamic Commodity Flows Using the Example of the German Food Supply Sector, in: Gammelgaard, Britta,, Günter Prockl, Aseem Kinra, Jesper Aastrup, Peter Holm Andreasen, Hans-Joachim Schramm, Juliana Hsuan, Malek Malouf and Andreas Wieland (ed.): 26th Conference of the Nordic Logistics Research Network : NOFOMA 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark: June 11-13, 2014.
Liu, Heng, Hanno Friedrich and Li Zhang (2013): Modeling of Freight Transport Distribution in Germany – A Discussion of Traditional Distribution Models and a new Procedure for Performance Improvement: Selected Proceedings of the WCTRS Conference on Transportation Research.
Abstract: This work aims to discuss modeling issues on solving the transport distribution problem in freight transport. The traditional distribution model – the Gravity Model – is introduced in detail with the focus on its forecasting capability of freight transport distribution. Through analyses on the base of observed and predicted data of freight transport in Germany, it is found that, compared to applying the Gravity Model, directly balancing the observed distribution from the last period using the Furness Method can generate more closer predictions to the official predictions in a planning project of the German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development. However, the re is a doubt about whether this Furness Method itself brings about an impact on the deterrence exponent. Based on the proposition that the Furness Method dilutes the deterrence effect of transport costs, a compensating procedure is developed in this work as a supplement to the traditional process, offering a new thinking to improve the prediction performance of distribution models.
Ottemöller, Ole and Hanno Friedrich (2017): Implications for Freight Transport Demand Modelling from Interdisciplinary Research: Developing a Concept for Modelling Freight Transport Within Supply Networks of the Automotive Industry, in: Abele, Eberhard, Manfred Boltze and Hans-Christian Pfohl (ed.): Dynamic and Seamless Integration of Production, Logistics and Traffic: Fundamentals of Interdisciplinary Decision Support, Springer International Publishing: Cham, 185-207.
Abstract: The freight transport system is a major determinant for the competitiveness of logistics and production activities. On the other hand, logistics and production shape freight transport demand. Therefore, freight transport demand models are needed that can capture the influence and requirements of ongoing trends in production and logistics. In this chapter, the German automotive industry is used as an example of how certain trends might influence the development of freight transport demand. Here, the impact of changes in the supply chain structure on freight transport demand is emphasised. Furthermore, data sources available on the sectoral level are discussed. Based on the insights into ongoing trends, available data and sectoral characteristics, a concept for a sectoral freight transport model for the German automotive industry is developed.
Boltze, Manfred, Frederik Rühl, Ulrich Berbner and Hanno Friedrich (2017): The Interdisciplinary Decision Map: A Reference Model for Production, Logistics and Traffic, in: Abele, Eberhard, Manfred Boltze and Hans-Christian Pfohl (ed.): Dynamic and Seamless Integration of Production, Logistics and Traffic: Fundamentals of Interdisciplinary Decision Support, Springer International Publishing: Cham, 31-47.
Abstract: Due to strong interdependencies between production, logistics and traffic, a decision in one of these fields has impacts on the others. However, decision-makers in and around today’s supply chains rarely consider effects of their decisions on other participants of the supply chain or the traffic system. Thus, a tool for decision support, which clearly illustrates the variety of impacts of a decision, is highly desirable. Accordingly, this chapter presents a reference model in the context of production, logistics and traffic, called Interdisciplinary Decision Map (IDM). The IDM allows for describing and analysing interdisciplinary impacts of decisions across the disciplines. Thus, it can serve as decision support tool for decision-makers out of the considered domains. The IDM’s applicability is demonstrated by using it to analyse selected impacts of an HGV toll’s introduction on production, logistics and traffic.