Greguras, Gary, Jim Difendorff, Jane Carpenter and Christian Tröster (2014)

Person-Environment Fit and Self-Determination Theory

in: Gagné, Marylène (ed.): The Oxford Handbook of Work Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory, Oxford University Press: New York, (2014).

Copy reference link   DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199794911.013.002

Abstract: Despite self-determination and person-environment fit theories being comprised of several common key components, rarely have these theoretical frameworks been integrated. Both self-determination and person-environment fit theories highlight the importance of individuals’ need satisfactions and motivations. For example, self-determination theory highlights the importance of the reasons for goal pursuit in predicting individual well-being. Similarly, in person-environment fit theories, employee-environment value congruence is important because values influence outcomes through goals (motivation). The article begins by discussing the similarities and differences between these two theoretical frameworks, then devotes attention to integrating these frameworks and presenting an agenda for future research. It also discusses social network theory and research and highlights the potential usefulness of integrating these lines of research. A main premise of the article’s analysis is that self-determination theory is likely a useful framework for better understanding the processes through which person-environment fit influences employee outcomes.

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