Marcos Ritel is an Assistant Professor of International Trade at the Kühne Logistics University since September 2020. He is also an affiliated researcher at the Kühne Center for Sustainable Globalization at the University of Zurich. He received his PhD in Economics from the Sao Paulo School of Economics - FGV in Brazil in 2020. During his graduate studies he visited the Department of Economics at the University of Zurich as an SNSF Excellence in Research Scholarship Holder. He was also a PhD intern at the headquarters of the World Trade Organization in Geneva, where he conducted policy-oriented research.
Prof. Ritel´s specialization is in the field of international trade and trade policy. His research agenda focuses on the causes and consequences of preferential trade agreements. For example, he uses quantitative methods that combine economic theory and data to understand what drives policy decisions during trade negotiations. He is also interested in the role of developing countries in the world trading system. In this area, he investigated the effects of the Generalized System of Preferences - a widespread form of nonreciprocal tariff cuts which apply over exports from developing economies - and studied the implications of technical and sanitary barriers to trade in Latin America.
|Assistant Professor of International Trade, Kühne Logistics University, Hamburg, Germany|
Affiliated Researcher, Kühne Center for Sustainable Globalization, University of Zurich, Switzerland
|2015 - 2019|
Research Assistant for Prof. Emanuel Ornelas, Sao Paulo School of Economics - FGV, Brazil
2016 - 2017
|PhD intern, Economic Research and Statistics Division, World Trade Organization, Geneva, Switzerland|
2014 - 2016
|Research Assistant, Center for Global Trade and Investment - FGV, Sao Paulo, Brazil|
2012 - 2013
Intern, Secretary of Planning and Regional Development, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil
|2016 - 2020|
PhD in Economics, Sao Paulo School of Economics - FGV, Brazil
|2018 - 2019|
Visiting PhD student, University of Zurich, Switzerland
|2013||Bachelor of Arts in Economics, Catholic University of Sao Paulo, Brazil|
|2011||Bachelor of Arts in Journalism, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil|
- Ritel, Marcos (2019): Macroeconomics Doctoral Seminar. University of Zurich, Switzerland, and Kühne Logistics University, Hamburg, Germany.
- Ritel, Marcos (2018): European Trade Study Group, Warsaw, Poland, and Sao Paulo School of Economics, Brazil.
- Ritel, Marcos (2015 and 2016): International REAP & SBE Meetings, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Annual LACEA Meetings, Medellin, Colombia; Sao Paulo School of Economics Lunch Seminar, Brazil.
Ritel, Marcos and Emanuel Ornelas (2020): The not-so-generalized effects of the Generalized System of Preferences, The World Economy, 43 (7): 1809-1840.
Abstract: We use an empirical gravity equation to study how non‐reciprocal trade preferences (NRTPs), enacted mainly through the Generalized System of Preferences, affect the exports of the beneficiary nations. In line with existing studies, the average trade effect stemming from non‐reciprocal preferences is highly unstable across specifications. However, once we allow for heterogeneous effects, results become robust and economically important. Specifically, NRTPs have a strong effect on the exports of beneficiaries when they are members of the World Trade Organization and are very poor. Not‐so‐poor beneficiaries also expand foreign sales, but only if they are not WTO members. For all others, the average export effects of NRTPs are mute.